Painter Valery Aleksandrovich Bogdanov was born on the 13th of April 1959 in Svetogorsk, Leningrad oblast (Russia) next to the Finnish-Russian border. His love to art was raised by his father, who himself could draw well. In 1983 Valery Bogdanov graduated from the Faculty of Arts and Graphics in the Herzen University, where he studied painting in the guidance of such distinguished artists of the Soviet Union as L.V. Kabachek, L.I. Krivitskiy, P.P. Litvinskiy and V.P. Sakovicread more >>>
Lift away the gaudy cover,
Thou will find six golden girdles,
Seven rainbow-tinted dresses,
Woven by the Moon's fair daughters
Fashioned by the Sun's sweet virgins
In my young years once I wandered
As a maiden on the mountains,
In the happy days of childhood,
Hunting berries in the coppice;
There by chance I heard the daughters
Of the Moon as they were weaving
There I also heard the daughters
Of the Sun as they were spinning
On the red rims of the cloudlets,
O'er the blue edge of the forest,
On the border of the pine-wood,
On a high and distant mountain.
I approached them, drawing nearer,
Stole myself within their hearing,
Then began I to entreat them,
Thus besought them, gently pleading:
'Give thy silver, Moon's fair daughters,
To a poor, but worthy maiden;
Give thy gold, O Sun's sweet virgins,
To this maiden, young and needy.
The history of Finnish national costumes dates back to the 19-th century, when the first collections of national costumes were compiled. This was the period of national awakening, and folk handicrafts were admired and studied in Finland as in other parts of Europe. The first collections consisted of festive folk costumes, which were used in the 18-th and 19-th century in different parts of Finland before being replaced by general fashion.
Year 2015 is the 130th Anniversary
of the Finnish National Costume
Year 1885 is known as the debut appearance of Finnish national costumes. On the 5th of August, Emperor Alexander III of Russia and his wife Maria Feodorovna arrived in Lappeenranta on an official visit. After inspecting the garrison, they made a walk along Lake Saimaa and visited the Imatra Rapid. Local maidens dressed in national costumes from different Finnish regions met the imperial couple and made a strong impression on Maria Feodorovna.
Today there are over 400 models of national costumes. The costumes represent different Finnish regions, and their historical and traditional characteristics. Women's costumes are worn layer on layer, and consist typically of a skirt, cotton blouse, vest or bodice, apron, scarf, headdress and shoes.
Costume pieces come with details and symbolic meanings. The apron, for example, was considered an important and valued piece of clothing. It was a sign of an honorable woman and believed to protect women from the evil. According to a legend, the red stripe in the hem of the Jääski Costume appeared, because the women had to walk and search for their family members in the bloody battlefields for such long times.
Jääski is one of the historical place names that appear in the names of the national costumes. In fact, by studying the names, it is possible to learn things about the Finnish history. Jääski, Antrea and Viipuri, among others, are parishes that Finland ceded the Soviet Union after the Second World War. The costumes of these parishes are so called Karelian costumes, which differ from the costumes of Western Finland, because of the Eastern cultural influences during the 18th and 19th century.
Finnish History in Nutshell:
1300 - 1809 part of the Swedish Kingdom.
1809 - 1917 an autonomous Grand Duchy
of the Russian Empire.
1917 - Republic of Finland.